What is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world. So what exactly is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease (gum disease) is a condition that affects the soft tissues of the tooth, eventually affecting the jawbone itself in its worst circumstance. Periodontal disease causes the teeth to separate from the infected gum tissue, and is hard to detect because it’s not very evident at the beginning. In addition, periodontal disease has been linked with a variety of different diseases such as respiratory disease, diabetes, coronary artery disease, stroke and arthritis. There are also many risk factors that may increase the chances of developing periodontal disease such as age, smoking, genetics, stress, systemic diseases (diabetes & rheumatoid arthritis), poor nutrition and clenching and grinding.
Progression of gum disease
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis, which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue (stage 1: red, swollen gums & pain when flossing). An infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat (Stage 2). Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the gum tissue and jawbone (Stage 3). If left untreated, it can cause shifting teeth, loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss (Stage 4).
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Periodontal Treatments available at Dental Now
Here at Dental Now Panorama, our dentists are able to develop treatment plans that depend upon the exact condition of your teeth, gums and jawbone. We usually complete an exam before any treatment is performed or recommended.
Removing the bacteria and calculus (tartar) which initially causes the infection. The gum pockets will be cleaned and treated with antibiotics as necessary to help alleviate the infection. A prescription mouthwash may be incorporated into a daily cleaning routine.
When the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed, regrowth can be actively encouraged using grafting procedures. A membrane may be inserted into the affected areas to assist in the regeneration process
Also known as flap surgery is a surgical treatment which can be performed to reduce the pocket size between the teeth and gums. Surgery on the jawbone is another option which serves to eliminate indentations in the bone which foster the colonization of bacteria
When teeth have been lost due to periodontal disease, the aesthetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by implanting prosthetic teeth into the jawbone. Tissue regeneration procedures may be required prior to the placement of a dental implant in order to strengthen the bone
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If you are concerned that you may be experiencing symptoms of Periodontal disease, or if you need further information or advise, then please don’t hesitate to contact us at (403) 457-PANO (7266). Here at Dental Now Panorama, we are ready to ensure that your dental health is restored comfortably, quickly and effectively!